Two Non-target Recessive Genes Confer Resistance to the Anti-Oomycete Microtubule Inhibitor Zoxamide in Phytophthora capsici

文献类型: 外文期刊

第一作者: Chen, Lei

作者: Chen, Lei;Cai, Meng;Pang, Zhili;Liu, Xili;Bi, Yang;Chen, Lei;Zhu, Shusheng


期刊名称:PLOS ONE ( 影响因子:3.24; 五年影响因子:3.788 )

ISSN: 1932-6203

年卷期: 2014 年 9 卷 2 期


收录情况: SCI

摘要: This study characterized isolates of P. capsici that had developed a novel mechanism of resistance to zoxamide, which altered the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) but not the EC50. Molecular analysis revealed that the beta-tubulin gene of the resistant isolates contained no mutations and was expressed at the same level as in zoxamide-sensitive isolates. This suggested that P. capsici had developed a novel non-target-site-based resistance to zoxamide. Analysis of the segregation ratio of zoxamide-resistance in the sexual progeny of the sensitive isolates PCAS1 and PCAS2 indicated that the resistance to zoxamide was controlled by one or more recessive nuclear genes. Furthermore, the segregation of resistance in the F-1, F-2, and BC1 progeny was in accordance with the theoretical ratios of the chi(2) test (P > 0.05), which suggested that the resistance to zoxamide was controlled by two recessive genes, and that resistance to zoxamide occurred when at least one pair of these alleles was homozygous. This implies that the risk of zoxamide-resistance in P. capsici is low to moderate. Nevertheless this potential for resistance should be monitored closely, especially if two compatible mating types co-exist in the same field.


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